5.06 travel guide.rtf - 05.06 It Was the Best of Times It...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 7 pages.

05.06 It Was the Best of Times; It Was the Worst of Times : Note Guide Take notes using the guide as you complete the lesson and activities. Big Ideas What I Learned What were the causes that led to the French Revolution?
What was France like under the rule of the revolutionaries?
What was the Reign of Terror, and how did it affect France?
How and why did Napoleon rise to power?
What events led to the fall of Napoleon? Additional Key Terms Estates General: National Assembly: Tennis Court Oath: guillotine: coup d’état: Battle of Trafalgar: Congress of Vienna: Battle of Waterloo: NOTES THE POT BOILS OVER French peasants living under the Ancien Régime knew their place in society because they were kept there by the combined forces of monarchy, aristocracy, and clergy. Stressed under difficult living conditions, the poor were further strained and enraged by increasing taxes. The monarch, King Louis XVI, used tax revenue from the poor to support wars and the luxurious lifestyle of nobles. IMPACT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION The Enlightenment ideals had a major impact on The American Revolution. American statesmen drew on the ideas of John Locke and Baron Montesquieu to gain independence from their British colonizers and to develop their own unique form of a democratic-republic. The French supported the American patriots, donating funds and hoping to permanently weaken the British Empire. Assistance that the French gave the American colonists drained the French treasury. o As bankruptcy loomed, the French king demanded more money through new taxes (mainly on the poor). THE BURDEN OF HEAVY TAXES In 1789, the king convened a meeting of the Estates General in an attempt to solve France's financial woes. o This was the first time that the assembly had met since 1614.
o Was made up of three different estates or classes of people: The First Estate (the clergy), the Second Estate (the nobility), and the Third Estate (the lower and middle class). The largest group (the Third Estate) had the least power, but the greatest burden. The First Estate and the Second Estate were largely exempt from taxes, although they were the wealthiest. o This meant that the burden of taxation fell almost entirely on the backs of the Third Estate, the poorest class of people. THE STORMING OF BASTILLE

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture