LLEA 122 List of Gods
Cronus (Saturn) - leader and the youngest of the first generation of Titans, divine
descendants of Gaia, the earth, and Ouranos, the sky. He overthrew his father and ruled
during the mythological Golden Age, until he was overthrown by his own sons, Zeus,
Hades, and Poseidon, and imprisoned in Tartarus
Rhea - Titaness daughter of Ouranos, the sky, and Gaia, the earth, in classical Greek
mythology. She was known as "the mother of gods." Rhea was wife to Kronos and
mother to Demeter, Hades, Hera, Hestia, Poseidon, and Zeus.
Gaia - Primal Greek goddess personifying the Earth. Gaia is a primordial and chthonic
deity in the Ancient Greek pantheon and considered a Mother Goddess or Great Goddess.
Uranus - Father Sky, is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth
(Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods
Demeter (Ceres) - Goddess of grain and fertility, the pure. Nourisher of the youth and the
green earth, the health-giving cycle of life and death, and preserver of marriage and the
sacred law. In the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, dated to about the seventh century BC.
she is invoked as the "bringer of seasons", a subtle sign that she was worshipped long
before she was made one of the Olympians. She and her daughter Persephone were the
central figures of the Eleusinian Mysteries that also predated the Olympian pantheon.
Persephone (Kore) - embodiment of the Earth's fertility at the same time that she was the
Queen of the Underworld, the korē (or young maiden), and the parthenogenic daughter of
Demeter—and, in later Classical myths, a daughter of Demeter and Zeus. In the
Olympian version she also becomes the consort of Hades when he becomes the deity that
governs the underworld.
Ares (Mars) - son of Zeus and Hera. Though often referred to as the Olympian god of
warfare, he is more accurately the god of bloodlust, or slaughter personified: "Ares is
apparently an ancient abstract noun meaning throng of battle, war."
Zeus (Jupiter-Jove) - king of the gods, the ruler of Mount Olympus and the god of the sky
and thunder. His symbols are the thunderbolt, eagle, bull, and oak. child of Cronus and
Rhea, and the youngest of his siblings. In most traditions he was married to Hera,
although, at the oracle of Dodona, his consort was Dione: according to the Iliad, he is the
father of Aphrodite by Dione.
Hera (Juno) - wife and older sister of Zeus. Her chief function was as goddess of women
and marriage. Hera was born of Cronus and Rhea but was swallowed by her father after
birth due to a prophecy that one of his children would take over the throne.
Hebe – Goddess of youth. She is the daughter of Zeus and Hera. Hêbê was the cupbearer
for the gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus, serving their nectar and ambrosia, until