Ch 3 - Hypokinetic

Ch 3 - Hypokinetic - Chapter 3 Lifestyle Choices and...

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Lifestyle Choices and Hypokinetic Conditions Chapter 3
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Lifestyle Choices and Hypokinetic Conditions “Physical Fitness is not only one of the most important keys to a healthy body, it is the basis of dynamic and creative intellectual activity. The relationship between the soundness of the body and the activities of the mind is subtle and complex. Much is not yet understood. But we do know what the Greeks knew: That intelligence and skill can only function at the peak of their capacity when the body is healthy and strong; that hardy spirits and tough minds usually inhabit sound bodies” President John F. Kennedy, “The Soft American”, Sports Illustrated, December 26, 1960
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Introduction There has been a shift from infectious diseases to diseases associated with too little movement Modern technology We move less, and therefore conserve lots of energy Lifestyle activity is searching for opportunities to expend some extra energy
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Hypokinetic Conditions Conditions that result from too little activity Increasing weekly caloric expenditure reduces overall health risk Caloric expenditure from both lifestyle activity and planned exercise can have a significant impact on health
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Types of Hypokinetic Conditions Cardiovascular Disease Obesity Cancer Diabetes Low Back Pain Osteoporosis
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Primary Risk Factors Cigarette Smoking Hypertension Cholesterol Physical Inactivity
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Secondary Risk Factors Obesity Diabetes Age Gender Heredity
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Contributing Risk Factors Stress Triglycerides
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Preventing CVD The following risk factors can be altered: Diet Drug use Smoking history Cholesterol levels Obesity High blood pressure Physical inactivity
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Measuring Health Risk Waist-to-Hip Ratio See figure 3.4 Body Mass Index Calculate your Body Mass Index
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Types of Cardiovascular Disease Arteriosclerosis Atherosclerosis Peripheral Vascular Disease Hypertension Heart Attack Stroke
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Arteriosclerosis Hardened, non-elastic arteries do not expand with blood flow Can cause high blood pressure High blood pressure + arteriosclerosis = aneurysm Aneurysm in vessel to brain = stroke
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Atherosclerosis Long-term build up of fatty deposits on the interior walls of the arteries (also known as plaque) Arteries become narrowed, and blood flow through them is decreased May create a partial or total blockage, causing increased blood pressure, heart attack, or stroke Responsible for 85% of CV deaths
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Peripheral Vascular Disease Disease of the peripheral vessels Restriction in blood flow usually caused by arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis in the vessels of the extremities Common signs: leg pain, cramping, numbness, tingling, coldness, and loss of hair to affected limbs
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High blood pressure “Silent Killer” Prehypertensive Systolic 120-139
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course KINE 198-120 taught by Professor Dannenbaum during the Fall '07 term at Texas A&M.

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Ch 3 - Hypokinetic - Chapter 3 Lifestyle Choices and...

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