Unit 11: The Role of Public Health in Health and Social CareRita
IntroductionThis report focused on identifying and evaluating the roles played by public health agenciesin promoting the health of the population. According to Tones (2014), public health isconsidered as the approach or strategy adopted to prevent diseases as well as promote healthand prolong the life of the general world population. There are several agencies involved indetermining the level of health and diseases within the communities. These agencies could beinternational, national and local agencies. The diseases controlled by these agencies arebasically infectious and non-infectious diseases. Nevertheless, suitable strategies andapproaches could be implemented to prevent these diseases. The report will begin byidentifying and analysing wide range of strategies and approaches which can be adopted tomeasure, monitor as well as control the cases of disease within a given region or community.Subsequent section explores the implication of a disease or illness within the communities forthe provision of health and social care services. The last section outlines the factors thatinfluences health and well-being of individuals within a health and social care setting. Thecases of HIV and STI in the UK will be adopted an illustrative example for this discussion.1.1Explain the role of different agencies identifying levels of health and disease in communities.There are several agencies involved in the prevention and control of both infectious and non-infectious diseases across the globe. These agencies could be international, national or localagencies and each play a vital role in identifying levels of health and diseases withincommunities. Example of these agencies includes: World Health Organisation, Department ofHealth and local authorities such as the Local Government and councils etc.International Organisation: World Health Organisation: The World Health Organisationis a global body that is generally in charge of handling health problems especially those thatare linked to alcohol intake by youths. The responsibility of this agency is to offer aid tovarious health centres operating around the globe. The also help upcoming healthorganisations provide optimum care to patients. This body also merges with other healthcarecentres to offer support and organise programs that will improve the health of people. Theyact with regards to managing natural catastrophes, mishaps and controlling other globalissues. In addition, WHO is responsible for conducting internal surveys as well as publishingWorld Health Reports. The role of World Health Organisation in determining public healthpolicies have been dependent on; providing leadership on issues critical to health and alsoinvolving in partnerships where joint action is required. They also shape the research agenda
and stimulates the generation, translates and disseminate valuable knowledge. They also setstandards and norms as well as promotes and monitor their implementation.