Unit 11_ Role of Public Health (1).docx - Unit 11 The Role...

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Unit 11: The Role of Public Health in Health and Social Care Rita
Introduction This report focused on identifying and evaluating the roles played by public health agencies in promoting the health of the population. According to Tones (2014), public health is considered as the approach or strategy adopted to prevent diseases as well as promote health and prolong the life of the general world population. There are several agencies involved in determining the level of health and diseases within the communities. These agencies could be international, national and local agencies. The diseases controlled by these agencies are basically infectious and non-infectious diseases. Nevertheless, suitable strategies and approaches could be implemented to prevent these diseases. The report will begin by identifying and analysing wide range of strategies and approaches which can be adopted to measure, monitor as well as control the cases of disease within a given region or community. Subsequent section explores the implication of a disease or illness within the communities for the provision of health and social care services. The last section outlines the factors that influences health and well-being of individuals within a health and social care setting. The cases of HIV and STI in the UK will be adopted an illustrative example for this discussion. 1.1Explain the role of different agencies identifying levels of health and disease in communities. There are several agencies involved in the prevention and control of both infectious and non- infectious diseases across the globe. These agencies could be international, national or local agencies and each play a vital role in identifying levels of health and diseases within communities. Example of these agencies includes: World Health Organisation, Department of Health and local authorities such as the Local Government and councils etc. International Organisation: World Health Organisation : The World Health Organisation is a global body that is generally in charge of handling health problems especially those that are linked to alcohol intake by youths. The responsibility of this agency is to offer aid to various health centres operating around the globe. The also help upcoming health organisations provide optimum care to patients. This body also merges with other healthcare centres to offer support and organise programs that will improve the health of people. They act with regards to managing natural catastrophes, mishaps and controlling other global issues. In addition, WHO is responsible for conducting internal surveys as well as publishing World Health Reports. The role of World Health Organisation in determining public health policies have been dependent on; providing leadership on issues critical to health and also involving in partnerships where joint action is required. They also shape the research agenda
and stimulates the generation, translates and disseminate valuable knowledge. They also set standards and norms as well as promotes and monitor their implementation.

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