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H08- Acids-Bases 2-solutions

# H08- Acids-Bases 2-solutions - patteson(dmp786 H08...

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patteson (dmp786) – H08: Acids-Bases 2 – McCord – (52405) 1 This print-out should have 17 questions. Multiple-choice questions may continue on the next column or page – find all choices before answering. 001 10.0 points The term “ K a for the ammonium ion” de- scribes the equilibrium constant for which of the following reactions? 1. NH + 4 + H 2 O NH 3 + H 3 O + correct 2. NH + 4 + OH NH 3 + H 2 O 3. NH 4 Cl(solid) + H 2 O NH + 4 + Cl 4. NH 3 + H 2 O NH 4 + + OH 5. The term is misleading, because the am- monium ion is not an acid. 6. NH 3 + H 3 O + NH + 4 + H 2 O Explanation: 002 10.0 points Hydroxylamine is a weak molecular base with K b = 6 . 6 × 10 9 . What is the pH of a 0.0500 M solution of hydroxylamine? 1. pH = 3.63 2. pH = 7.12 3. pH = 9.26 correct 4. pH = 8.93 5. pH = 4.74 6. pH = 10.37 7. pH = 9.48 Explanation: Hydroxylamine is a weak base, so use the equation to calculate weak base [OH ] con- centration (note that this is the approximate equation. Why? Because K b is very small and the concentration is reasonable) : [OH ] = radicalbig K b C b = radicalBig (6 . 6 × 10 9 ) (0 . 0500) = 1 . 82 × 10 5 After finding [OH ], you can find pH using either method below: A) pOH = log ( 1 . 82 × 10 5 ) = 4 . 74 pH = 14 4 . 74 = 9 . 26 or B) [H + ] = K w [OH ] = 1 . 0 × 10 14 1 . 82 × 10 5 = 5 . 52 × 10 10 pH = log ( 5 . 52 × 10 10 ) = 9 . 26 003 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points Calculate the pH of the solute in an aqueous solution of 0 . 405 M C 5 H 5 N(aq) (pyridine) if the K b is 1 . 8 × 10 9 . Correct answer: 9 . 43136. Explanation: C pyridine = 0 . 405 M K b = 1 . 8 × 10 9 C 5 H 5 N + H 2 O C 6 H 5 NH + + OH 0 . 405 0 0 x + x + x 0 . 405 x x x K b = [C 6 H 5 NH + ][OH ] [C 5 H 5 N] 1 . 8 × 10 9 = x 2 0 . 405 x x 2 0 . 405 x = [OH ] = radicalBig 0 . 405(1 . 8 × 10 9 ) = 2 . 7 × 10 5 mol / L . The pOH is pOH = log(2 . 7 × 10 5 ) = 4 . 56864 , and the pH is pH = 14 4 . 56864 = 9 . 43136 .

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patteson (dmp786) – H08: Acids-Bases 2 – McCord – (52405) 2 004 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points What is the percentage protonation of the solute?
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H08- Acids-Bases 2-solutions - patteson(dmp786 H08...

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