Electoral_College_and_US_Political_Parties

Electoral_College_and_US_Political_Parties - The Electoral...

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The Electoral College D. Jason Berggren University of Georgia Spring 2008
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The Electoral College To be president, one must win a majority of electoral votes, not popular votes Magic # = 270/538 each state has electoral votes equal to # of House members and its 2 Senators Georgia (15) = 13 House members + 2 Senators DC 3 votes (23rd Amendment, 1961)
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The Electoral College Current state electoral vote allocation based upon 2000 census (2004 & 2008 elections)
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The Electoral College Winner could win with less than a majority of popular vote Lincoln won with 39.8% of the popular vote 18 times Winner of most popular votes could lose (e.g., 1824, 1876, 1888, 2000) No Runoff between top two candidates; voters 2nd preferences not considered Nader voters may have gone to Gore in 2000, making Gore the Presidential winner
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General Election Day (Nov. 4, 2008) Not a single presidential election 51 separate elections (50 states + DC) Voters choose among competing unified tickets Ralph Nader & Peter Camejo (Independent)
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General Election Day (Nov. 4, 2008) Technically, voters are voting for competing slates of “invisible” electors these electors are pledged to vote for their assigned ticket the winning slate of electors elected by plurality vote electors are chosen by each state party (federal officials ineligible)
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The “Real” Election Day (Dec. 15, 2008) On the Monday following the 2nd Wednesday of December the winning slate of electors meet in each state capitol to cast their pledged votes for president and vice president electors are to ratify people’s choice, not to be free agents or faithless electors votes sealed and sent to President of the Senate only purpose for Electoral College (not a continuous body)
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course POLIS 1101 taught by Professor Berggren during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Electoral_College_and_US_Political_Parties - The Electoral...

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