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Presentation - Channel Tunnel - E M P5102 SYST EM S EN GI N...

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EMP5102 SYSTEMS ENGI NEERI NG & I NTEGRATI ON CHANNEL TUNNEL (A Tunnel between England and France) BY: SAVIN MHAIKI SHAHZAD ALI SOHAIL ALI
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CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. The Channel Tunnel 3. Project Organization 4. Scope and Requirements 5. Investigate the Alternatives 6. System Design 7. Integration 8. Deployment and Maintenance 9. Post Project Evaluation 10.References
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INTRODUCTION 1802 - First cross-Channel tunnel proposal made to Napoleon by a French Engineer. 1857 - French engineer Thomé de Gamond proposed a railway tunnel scheme. 1870’s - Tunnel companies were set up to do the first serious scientific exploration of the geology between Dover and Calais. 1880-83 - Trial tunnels dug 2 km either side. 1883 - Tunnels abandoned for British fear of invasion. 1975 - A UK–France government backed scheme/project that started in 1974 was cancelled in 1975 because of British financial crisis. 1986 - The Treaty of Canterbury was signed allowing the project to proceed. 1988 - First tunnelling commenced in France, followed shortly by UK. 1994 - The tunnel was formally opened by HM The Queen and President Mitterrand. [1,2]
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http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7610919.stm
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The Channel Tunnel A three-tunnel railroad connection running under the English Channel. Connecting Folkestone, England, and Calais, France. The tunnels are 50 km long. There are two rail tunnels, each 7.6 m in diameter, and a central tunnel 4.8 m in diameter, that is used for maintenance and ventilation.
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