V-1 - Engineering Design of V.D.U Engineering (Vacuum...

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Unformatted text preview: Engineering Design of V.D.U Engineering (Vacuum Distillation Unit) Team-mates Team-mates • Harinder Singh Dhaliwal • Omid Jafarieh • Zaed Sahem • Wu, Hui-Hsien 1 Contents • • • • • • • • • Project description. What is EPC company ? How it works ? Phases involved in the project. Iteration in the phases. Comparison with seven phases life cycle. Comparison with the three basic phases. What went wrong & Why? Why were they unforeseen? Countermeasures 2 What do What refineries do? refineries Refineries Convert Crude Oil Into a Wide Array Of Products Billings Refinery Products Fuel Gas (Consumed) PG (Propane & Butane) Gasoline Jet Fuel Kerosene Diesel Fuel Coke (Fuel & Specialty) 3 Crude Oil Project • Project Name:­“Engineering Design of Vacuum Distillation Unit” • • Client Name :­ ESSAR OIL Company Name :TECHNIP Kt India Ltd. (Oil & Gas sector EPC Company) Inputs & Outputs in the V.D.U unit. • Input – Raw Crude oil • Outputs – (1)Light Naphtha (2)Heavy Naphtha (3)Kerosene (4)Vaccum Residue………,etc http://valveproducts.metso.com/neles/ApplicationReports/2721_Refinery/2721_02_01en.pdf 4 What is an EPC Company? How it What functions? functions? • EPC ( Engineering, Procurement & Construction) Departments Engineering Chemical Piping civil mechanical electrical Instrumentation…. Procurement (Department responsible for material purchase from vendors and inspects it) Construction (Execute the Designed Phase) 5 Phases involved in our project 1. Client’s Requirements & Specifications. 1. Basic Engineering or Pre­Design phase. 1. Detail Engineering or Design Phase. 1. Construction. 1. Pre­Commissioning. 1. Commissioning phase. 1. Operation and maintenance phase 6 Phases involved in the project • Requirements and specifications:­ This involves the basic needs and requirements of the client in terms of Technical and Commercial. • Basic Engineering or Pre­Design Phase:­ Conceptual phase begins, FEED Engineering( Front­End Engineering), Project planning and creating 3D CAD (Computer Aided Design) model as a common platform for all engineering departments. • Detail Engineering or Design Phase:­ Detailed working on FEED engineering, Designs are completed by every department, interdepartmental reviews, client reviews & safety planning. Leads to the creation of virtual 3D Model. Procurement is also a very important activity. 7 Phases involved in the project • Construction:­ Basically the execution phase in which the 3D Model is actually constructed at site. Involves activities like construction management. It is the phase where most of the project cost goes into. Verifying the actual construction with that of the designed, Preparation of operation manuals, imparting training to the operators. • Pre­Commissioning:­ Making the plant ready for testing by • Commissioning:­ Making the unit functional by supplying the process fluid and generating the operating conditions. Safety issues are the main and must be taken into consideration. • Operation and Maintenances:­ After the hand over of unit, client can ask for operation and maintenance check of the unit as per signed contract. 8 Actual flow in these Phases Client’s Requirement Basic Engineering or Pre­Design Phase Detail­Engineering or Design Phase Construction Pre­Commissioning Commissioning Operation & Maintenance 9 Comparison with three phases Client’s Requirement Basic Engineering or Pre­Design Phase Detail­Engineering or Design Phase Construction Pre­Commissioning Commissioning Operation & Maintenance Our Phase Life Cycle Basic three Phase Life Cycle 10 10 Design and development Requirements and specifications Operation & Maintenance Comparison with the formal model Comparison the Client’s Requirement Requirements & spec’s Preliminary conceptual design Basic Engineering or Pre­Design Phase Logical design & syst. architecture spec’s Detail­Engineering or Design Phase Detailed design, production & testing Construction Operational implementation Pre­Commissioning Evaluation and modification Commissioning Operational deployment Operation & Maintenance Our Phase Life Cycle 11 Basic three Phase Life Cycle 11 What went wrong & What were the What unforeseen reasons? unforeseen • • • Schedule delay Cost overrun Management issues • Design changes • Delay in placing the order • Late delivery at the site 12 12 Why were they unforeseen? •Persons involved in the activity were in-experienced or somewhat lacks proper training. •Safety training was not properly imparted to the workers by the safety supervisor. Countermeasures • There should be proper check on the safety norms to • avoid accidents The coordination and communication between the client, contractor and vendor 13 13 The End Thank you for your attention 14 14 ...
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