SUPRA-SEGMENTALS.pptx - SUPRA-SEGMENTALS WHAT IS STRESS In...

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SUPRA-SEGMENTALSWHAT IS STRESS? In linguistics, stress is the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in a word.WORD STRESSRULES FOR DETERMINING THE STRESSED SYLLABLE 1.THE GREAT MAJORITY OF TWO-SYLLABLE WORDS ARE STRESSED ON THE 1ST SYLLABLE.EXAMPLES:FUTURE, FATHER, PLEASURE, RATHER, WINDOW ETC.2. A LARGE GROUP OF WORDS, WHICH MAY BE USED EITHER AS NOUNS OR VERBS (SAME SPELLING- DIFFERENT PRONUNCIATION), HAVE A DIFFERENCE IN STRESS TO INDICATE THE DIFFERENCE IN USAGE. NOUNS TAKE THE STRESS ON THE 1ST SYLLABLE AND VERBS ONNOUNSVERBSSUSpectsusPECTREducereDUCEOBjectobJECTCONflictconFLICT
SENTENCE STRESSRemember that word stress (syllable stress) is the„beat‟ on one or more syllables within a word;sentence stress is the „beat‟ on certain words withina sentence.In other words, sentence stress can be describe the „rhythm‟ of spoken language.Dealing with sentence stress, we have to knowwhich words should be stressed and which should be unstressed.

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