Final ID - IDENTIFICATIONS Jay-Daraque Treaty: Gave the...

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IDENTIFICATIONS Jay-Daraque Treaty: Gave the Spanish the right NOT to abide by the right of deposit, so the Spanish could tax the Americans twice. Shays’s Rebellion: Daniel Shays a former officer of the Continental Army led the disgruntled westerners on January 25, 1787. He led 1,500 rebels, who were mostly poor farmers, in an assault on the federal armory at Springfield. Shay and others fled after there were 24 casualties. They were defending their rights against paying high levied taxes to make up for war debt that they were not supposed to pay. As a result, the state legislature soon dramatically reduced the burden on landowners by enacting new import duties and by easing tax collections Northwest Ordinance 1787: Proposed by Jefferson—make states surrender original claims to its western territories o Contained a Bill of Rights which stated that settlers were allowed the freedom of religion and the right to a jury trial, forbidding cruel and unusual punishments, and nominally prohibiting slavery. Designs a system for surverying land o Allows to record claims and be certain about land o Relatively quickly divides and sells land On August 7, 1789, US Congress affirmed the Ordinance with slight modifications under the Constitution Significance: arguably the single most important piece of legislation passed by members of the earlier Continental Congress established the precedent by which the US would expand westward across North American by the admission of new states, rather than by the expansion of existing states o Free territories without slavery—drew boundary between free and slave territory in region between Appalachian Mtn and Mississippi River Constitutional Convention: Took place in May 1787 (aka Philadelphia Convention) Met to address the problems in governing the US, which had been operating under Articles of Confederation o Convention was meant to revise the AoC but Madison and Hamilton wanted to create a new government 55 men representing all states but Rhode Island attended o Most wanted to give the national government new authority over taxation and foreign commerce but also wanted to advance their states’ interests Created the US Constitution—Madison wrote it (aka Father of the Constitution) Virginia Plan: Proposal for structure of US government produced by Edmund Randolph (known as “large state” plan) at Convention in May 1787 Two house legislature, the lower house elected directly by the people and the upper house selected by the lower; 1
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o representation in both houses proportional to property or population favored larger states states with a large population (like VA) would have more reps then the smaller states large states favored this plan while smaller states, which feared losing power in the national government, generally opposed it preferring the NJ Plan New Jersey Plan: Proposal for structure of US government presented by William Patterson at Convention in June 1787
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2009 for the course HIST 1530 taught by Professor Washington, m during the Fall '06 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Final ID - IDENTIFICATIONS Jay-Daraque Treaty: Gave the...

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