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11.21_DredScott - Constitution and can therefore claim none...

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1. Missouri Compromise a. In 1819, Missouri becomes a state, and is most likely going to be a slave state. As soon as Missouri comes in, there will be more slave states than free states (More representation in Congress) b. Henry Clay makes the Missouri Compromise i. 36’30’’: anything above comes in as free state, anything below the line becomes a slave state ii. Maine is entered as a free state, Missouri is entered as a slave state 2. Dred Scott a. 1857 b. Two sides i. This man is my slave, and my property ii. I have been a slave for long enough c. Goes to Supreme Court i. Weighted very heavily with southern judges, had slaves. Taney is the Chief Justice (worst racist on the Supreme Court) d. 6 Justices wrote opinions i. Taney “African Americans have no rights” e. 2 disagreed with the decision f. Taney i. We think they [people of African ancestry] are not [citizens], and that they are not included, and were not intended to be included, under the word "citizens" in the
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Unformatted text preview: Constitution, and can therefore claim none of the rights and privileges which that instrument provides for and secures to citizens of the United States. ii. This has no place in the case because if he is not a citizen, he should not be bringing this case to the Supreme Court. iii. “Missouri Compromise is Unconstitutional” g. Dissenting Opinions i. If Dred Scott one day says he is not a slave because he is in Illinois, there would be no law to stop him from doing this. ii. Talks about citizens h. Gets rid of Missouri Compromise i. All this case does is determine that Dred Scott is a slave, but it stands as a symbol. 3. Election of 1860 a. Democrats are split into two different groups, with two different candidates, which lead to an easy win for Lincoln. b....
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