March_10 - In NY City has power to zone, if you dont live...

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Planning - Power is in local government Early – no planning concept for cities, they just grew. Early 19 th century – when Manhattan till rural, city council designed grid system of avenues and streets. Lower Manhattan had no organized layout; rest of Manhattan was at the time forest and farmland. Design for future development of Manhattan – created grid with N-S avenues, E- W streets. In constitution 5 th amendment – private property cannot be taken without compensation by government. When government takes private property for greater purpose = eminent domain. o If they need land for betterment of community for whole they can take it but must be just compensation. If they take it and you don’t like price they offer you, you can take it to court. o Euclid v Ambler – 1926 – local governments have police power, to safeguard health safety of citizens so local government has right to plan where properties go to protect citizens. Local government should be able to tell factory not to build next to residential owner.
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Unformatted text preview: In NY City has power to zone, if you dont live in city you live in town where town has power to zone, if you live in village it has power to zone. Whatever is at lowest level (smallest unit of government) they have constitutional authority to zone. Higher authority cant tell them what they can or cant build. Planning: o 1) Health Water i.e. labs through county that test water daily, where to put pipes etc. part of public health. Sewer system 3 step cleaning process then goes to ocean, planning has to cite these plants and where ultimate product goes. o 2) Safety especially road safety i.e. speed limits, drainage. o 3) Location of public facilities any building you have to visit as citizen, schools, govt offices, libraries, police, especially for senior citizens and disabled. Must make them accessible. o 4) Economic goals economy of area o 5) Housing type of housing in community...
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2009 for the course POL 327 taught by Professor Withers during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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