Review Sheet - Urban Politics Review Sheet Chapter 1:...

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Urban Politics Review Sheet Chapter 1: Origins of Cities 1. Cities arose 3,000 to 4,000 years ago 2. The development of agriculture led to urbanization. Hunting and gathering preceded the growth of agriculture. 3. Major functions of early city: a. Center of trade b. Protection from outsiders c. Administrative purposes; capital d. Religious purposes; individuals needed a centralized place of worship e. Early cities formed near convenient trade locations (i.e. harbors, major waterways) 4. Break-point: location on waterway in which the mode of transportation changes. (i.e. boat to land-based transportation--NYC) 5. Choke-point: sites that are along major trade passageways and, in essence, control that route. (Ex: Quebec) 6. 1712-beginning of Industrial Revolution 7. IR led to a major increase in productivity in food output, which allowed the growing population to be adequately fed 8. Three stages of Demographic Transition: a. Little growth: stable population, high birth rates but higher death rates limit growth; poor living conditions b. rapid growth-continue high birth rate but lower death rate results in growing population; improved living conditions and a dependable food supply are contributing factors. c. Slowing growth-birth rates eventual fall; deaths and births eventually equilibrate to a certain degree. 9. Replacement rate-the number of children each woman must give birth to in order to maintain a constant population level. Those nations that are in transition stage three have a lower replacement rate than a nation in stage one or two. Chapter Two: Cities in the 19 th Century 1. 1800-US population 5 million; 5% of population live in urbanized areas; NYC- 60,000 2. Increased efficiency of agriculture led to urban growth 3. Early major industries=textiles 4. 5. During the 1800s, most people on LI worked as ?
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6. Prior to WWII-people on LI moved toward the city; After WWII-people on LI moved away from city 7. City Growth Factors a. Requirement of water in multistory factories b. Limited means of transportation to work c. Steel frame construction d. Invention of the elevator 8. People lived in tenement housing.
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2009 for the course POL 327 taught by Professor Withers during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Review Sheet - Urban Politics Review Sheet Chapter 1:...

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