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Midterm reivew - Sense of self-Ancient Greece during the...

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Sense of self—Ancient Greece during the feudal system, identified with a group versus one as an “individual” Evolution—Human ability for Intersubjective Cooperation, which helps us compensate for our other shortcomings, offline storage of knowledge leads to ritualization, biological markers of ritualization are hard to fake Ecology— reproducing to keep your culture alive, tend to differ geographically Environment— Human species is unique because it depends on social construction, we create our own environment Intersubjective Cooperation— Helps compensate for flaws, survival (croeses 78-79) Ritualization— Practice of rituals that exclude groups, language, artifact production, cooperation, bodily imitation, leads to ritualization, adhering to certain things makes you a part of a group Mobility— the more mobile people are, the more intense the need is to mark differences (to know who’s part of your group and who’s not) Cognition— -- -- -- -- -- Dynamism and Externalization of Thought— Thought unites brain, body, and world, plasticity of brain (forming new connections with experiences), certain things we remember get ritualized with experience Cross-Modality— visual system affected by other senses and language, how you perceive things is dictated by your language Perception and Action— same neural substrate (in our brain when you watch somebody make a movement, if you watch the movement the same thing is happening in your brain), subliminal imitating teaching followers to be like leaders, children to be like parents, humans will always be dealing with issues of group formation and identification Feudalism/Traditional— Central Authority— An already existing city-state that extends administrative and military control over its neighbors, vast amount of land attributed by force or war Polis/ Civitas/ City-State— cities that have a political unit that claim autonomy and can assert its own government, smaller settlement, non-tributary system Religious Authority— Until 1600s authority was mostly religious, but in 1550s Protestants and Catholics get sick of blushed and decide “whoever the ruler is that’s that religion” this puts secular authority of religious Political Authority— nation state too large to see everyone so more abstract connections are formed between members
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Economic Authority— Feudal system; economy embedded social and territorial relations and Capitalism; economy disembedded social relations (anonymous in the market)
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  • Spring '08
  • RICHTER
  • Battle of Thermopylae, Greco-Persian Wars, Aeschylus, religious authority, Battle of Plataea, Battle of Salamis

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