EXSC_205_Midterm_1_Review

EXSC_205_Midterm_1_Review - EXSC 205 Midterm 1 Review...

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EXSC 205 Midterm 1 Review 2/17/09 Metabolism o ATP (ATPase) ADP+ P + energy o ADP/ATP ratio drives metabolic rate o Fuel reserves: ATP/CP, glycogen, fat (4100 cal/lb fat) o Know significance of 3 pathways Glycolysis o Fuel: glucose (C6H12O6) o Net ATP: 2, gross 4 o Enzyme: NAD*, LDH o End product: pyruvate Pyruvate+ NAD2H (LDH) LA+ NADox Aerobic o KC+ cytochrome o Fuels: pyruvate, AA, FFA CO2+ E+ urea (from AA) o Limitations: oxygen o Enzyme: cytochrome oxidase forms metabolic H2O Total ATPs: glucose= 36 o Typical FFA: fats= 130, require more O2 to metabolize fat o Uncoupling (something that blocks ADP+ P+ E)= less efficiency RQ= VCO2/ V O2 o 1 RQ= 3.33% o remember table given
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Sports + Energy o Muscle fiber type Almost all energy in sports from immediate, anaerobic sources TypeI: STO (endurance) Slow, low tension, fat, resistant, more mitochondria, more capillaries, more fat TypeII b: FTG Fast, high tension, fat, fast, more actin/myosin,
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EXSC_205_Midterm_1_Review - EXSC 205 Midterm 1 Review...

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