230Quiz1Notes-1 - CSE/EEE 230 Click to edit Master subtitle...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style  CSE/EEE230 Fall 2009 Quiz  CSE/EEE 230 Fall 2009 Quiz 1 Notes Adapted from Lecture Notes for Computer Organization  and Design, 4th Edition, 2009.
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 CSE/EEE230 Fall 2009 Quiz 1  You are responsible for the following sections in  the text. Chapter 1: 1-4, 8-9 Chapter 2: 1-3 The other sections in chapter 1 are optional and  you are not responsible for the content. Reading for Quiz 1 22
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 CSE/EEE230 Fall 2009 Quiz 1  How programs are translated into the machine  language And how the hardware executes them The hardware/software interface What determines program performance And how it can be improved How hardware designers improve performance Introduction to parallel processing What is this class about? 33
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 CSE/EEE230 Fall 2009 Quiz 1  Since invention of the integrated circuit (1958),  number of transistors that can be placed  inexpensively  on an integrated circuit has increased  exponentially, doubling approximately every two  years. First observed by Intel co-founder Gordon E. Moore  (1965). Moore’s Law 44
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 CSE/EEE230 Fall 2009 Quiz 1  Progress in computer technology Underpinned by Moore’s Law  Makes novel applications feasible Computers in automobiles Cell phones Human genome project World Wide Web Search Engines Computers are pervasive The Computer Revolution §1.1  Introduction 55
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 CSE/EEE230 Fall 2009 Quiz 1  Desktop computers General purpose, variety of software Subject to cost/performance tradeoff Server computers Network based High capacity, performance, reliability Range from small servers to building sized Embedded computers Hidden as components of systems Stringent power/performance/cost constraints Classes of Computers 66
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 CSE/EEE230 Fall 2009 Quiz 1  The Processor Market 77 Billions of  units
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 CSE/EEE230 Fall 2009 Quiz 1  Algorithm Determines number of operations executed Programming language, compiler, architecture Determine number of machine instructions executed  per operation Processor and memory system Determine how fast instructions are executed I/O system (including OS) Determines how fast I/O operations are executed Understanding Performance 88
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 CSE/EEE230 Fall 2009 Quiz 1 Notes Below Your Program Application software Written in high-level language System software Compiler: translates HLL code to  machine code Operating System: service code Handling input/output Managing memory and storage Scheduling tasks & sharing resources Hardware Processor, memory, I/O controllers §1.2 Below Your Program
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 CSE/EEE230 Fall 2009 Quiz 1  High-level language Level of abstraction closer to 
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