5_3_07 - Blood/Respiratory System Thursday 9:34 AM Blood...

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Blood/Respiratory System Thursday, May 03, 2007 9:34 AM Blood volume ~5.2 L in women ~5.7 L in men Plasma ~58% in women ~55% in men Plasma is 92% water Ions Sodium Potassium Calcium Magnesium Etc. Plasma proteins 6-8% Albumin 56% Fibrinogen 7% Main ingredient of blood clotting Immunoglobulins 36% Antibodies α-transport proteins β-globulins Sterols (HDL,LDL) protein parts are globulins γ-immunoglobulins (antibodies) Substances transported by blood Nutrients like glucose, fatty acids, vitamins Waste products of metabolism Respiratory gases Hormones Hematocrit = ratio of plasma / cellular elements O2 is final electron acceptor in cellular aerobic respiration Cellular elements 42% in women 45% in men Erythrocytes Transport oxygen and CO2 Leukocytes Platelets (thrombocytes) Hemapoietic tissue (adults: bone marrow of irregular bones (tibia, pelvis, etc)
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Pluripotent stem cells can form either lymphocytes, erythrocytes, leukocytes Leukocytes 1. Granulocytes : Make granules in cytoplasm a. Neutrophils 65% b. Eosinophils 5% c. Basophils 0.5% i. Three above have multiglobular nuclei 2. Agranulocytes a. Lymphocytes 25% b. Monocytes --> macrophages 4% Erythrocytes Carry oxygen and carbon dioxide Each erythrocyte has 300 million molecules of hemoglobin There are three different types of anemia 1. Oxygen transport: 93% bound to hemoglobin 2. CO
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This note was uploaded on 09/29/2009 for the course NPB NPB 101 taught by Professor Weidner/wingfield during the Spring '08 term at UC Davis.

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5_3_07 - Blood/Respiratory System Thursday 9:34 AM Blood...

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