notes - Teachers Assistant: Tory Casterline-castvi01@...

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Teachers Assistant: Tory Casterline--castvi01@ Gettysburg.edu Psych Overview Psychology—study of behavior and mental processes 1. Overt outward actions 2. Internal activity, processes Contemporary perspectives of psych—how they explain behavior Biopsychological—behavior due to internal physiological, chemical, and biological processes, i.e. nervous system, brain activity, genetics, endocrine system, biochemistry. Evolutionary View—result of evolution process, use of evolution principles based on natural selection Behavioristic view—behaviors shaped and controlled by our environment. Study of observable behavior and effects of learning. Influence of external rewards and punishments. Solely observable behavior. Cognitive view—understood in terms of mental processing of information. Examines how one thinks, perceives, understands info, decision making, and memory Psychodynamic—result of forces within one’s personality-unconscious level. Forces are impulses, desires, conflicts. Humanistic—directed by needs of personal growth, self image, and self actualization.
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Sociocultural perspective—influenced by one’s social and cultural context I like Humanistic the most. Psychiatry vs Psychology— Psychiatrists have MD. Specialize in diagnosis and treatment, can prescribe meds in addition to therapy—Shrinks with balls. Psychologist have Ph. D. No medical degree, only some states allow them to prescribe, but most all don’t. Psychoanalyst—either psychologist or psychiatrist. Special training with Freudian theory. Clinical psych—diagnose and treat disorders. Counseling psych—similar to clinical, but less serious disorders Developmental psych—study of change in the way people think. In how people relate to others and how they develop over time. Experimental psych—conducting research with people or animals in various areas Social psych—human behavior in relation to presence of others Physiological psych—study of biological bases, i.e. neurosciences Health psych—relationship of human behavior patterns and stress reactions to physical health, hoping to improve and maintain good health. Educational psychology—study of human learning in order to aid processes of learning
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School psych—take results of educ research and apply to school system, asses and provide consultation to students Sports psych—help athletes mentally prepare for sports Forensic psych—examining evidence and aiding law enforcement Environmental psych—relationship between human behavior and environment Industrial/organizational psych—relationship between people and their work environments Critical Thinking—Scientific Thinking. Skills to evaluate all claims in an open minded and careful fashion, overcome our own biases. Descriptive methods—
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notes - Teachers Assistant: Tory Casterline-castvi01@...

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