FinalEXAMReviewSheet#2

FinalEXAMReviewSheet#2 - Question7:

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Question 7: How does American tort law differ from its counterparts abroad and how has it changed  over time? What explains these cross-national and historical differences? The United States of America has gained the reputation for litigiousness, the  American Creed, which touts an ideology of liberty, egalitarianism, individualism,  populism and laissez-faire contributes to this Historically America gained its independence from servitude under England and thus  American law itself is customized towards promoting individual litigiousness and  adversarial legalism Furthermore, American consumer culture has estranged us from one another,  destroying any real sense of community and neighborhood, this has deepened the  existence of social alienation and thus litigiousness becomes easier because people  do not know their opponents on an intimate level, there is no relationship to affect  behavior Or- First define tort law – branch of civil law dealing with wrongful acts involving injuries  to persons or property or reputation (Note: it excludes damages resulting from a  breach of contract) Tort law differs from its counterparts abroad   Consider: Product Liability Comparison:  United States England, Western Europe, and  Japan Liability Standards Negligence and Strict Liability Negligence and Strict liability Patterns of Litigation Cases rose from 1,600 in 1974 to  12,500 in 1986 Hardly any cases for product  liability Civil Procedure Extensive party-dominated  discovery Juries decide Court-Dominated  discovery No juries or only in  exceptional cases Financing Lawyers Fees Contingency Fee American Rule? No Contingency Fees English Rule or mixture  Damage Awards Highest Awards Punitives allowed High pain and suffering Strong CSR Pre-Tax Calculation No punitives Judge calculates pain and  suffering Weaker CSR After-Tax calc. Levels of Social Insurance Low Higher than U.S.
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Why the difference?  o The overall rise in expectation of “total justice,” the belief that accident  victims should be compensated by the government o
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This note was uploaded on 09/29/2009 for the course POSC 190 taught by Professor Rosen during the Fall '08 term at USC.

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FinalEXAMReviewSheet#2 - Question7:

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