KMT - 1) 2) 3) 4) Victory of communist and the defeat of...

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Victory of communist and the defeat of the nationalists --- Four competing hypotheses in the scholarly literature: 1) Peasant nationalism thesis --- o Most widely accepted reason for communist victory o Communist won victory in china b/c of peasant nationalism o Deliberately downplayed class and revolutionary struggle and adapted a united front strategy (win over the largest # of ppl to your side) o Peasant nationalist = o By having united form strategy the communist party could neutralize the opposition of those who most opposed them o Rescheduled the debts peasants were paying (everything was temporary) o Communist had the ability to provide experienced leadership and a nationalist political orientation to a population newly mobilized in response to Japanese invasion and misrule o It was b/c of the Japanese that turned everyone into nationalist to defend china (b/c the Japanese gave them no choice) The social mobilization of peasants in Northern China was provoked
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This note was uploaded on 09/29/2009 for the course EASC 150g taught by Professor Rosen during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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KMT - 1) 2) 3) 4) Victory of communist and the defeat of...

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