ChinaV.Japan

ChinaV.Japan - Levys Article(Traditional Society Theorist...

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Levy’s Article (Traditional Society Theorist) - The internal differences between China and Japan were the reasons why Japan was successful in modernization while China still struggle to today with it. Levy believed that the external factors imposed upon both countries were either the same, or were insignificant to their modernization process. Levy believed Japan’s internal social structure helped them modernize successfully, as opposed to China’s failed modernization. The Feudalistic, closed class system based on strict hierarchy, in Japan caused merchants to invest their earnings back into their businesses because they could never move up in class to own their land. In Japan, a person’s loyalty was to their overlord in the hierarchy (who owned their land), not to their family, which allowed for an easier transition to modernization. This made the Japanese society more business and economic oriented. In China, class mobility allowed merchants to have the chance to move up in class and own land, so they invested their earnings back into their land, not into business related activities. China was more family oriented and less focused on economics and business. This made the transition to modernization much more difficult. Japan’s government encouraged and nurtured this economic
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This note was uploaded on 09/29/2009 for the course EASC 150g taught by Professor Rosen during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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ChinaV.Japan - Levys Article(Traditional Society Theorist...

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