RedGaurds - A Red Guards WHEN 1966-1969 during the Cultural...

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A. Red Guards WHEN? 1966-1969, during the Cultural Revolution WHO? o mostly teenagers, main enforcers of Cultural Revolution o targeted teachers, school principals, bureaucrats, local leaders of the Communist party WHY? o Mao’s strategy of using the youth as a tool to challenge the authorities of the CCP (namely capitalist roaders) o also used by Mao to undermine popularity gained by Deng XiaoPing and Lu XiaoQi due to their success in improving Chinese economics/agriculture (vs. the failure of Mao’s Great Leap Forward) HOW? o first used verbal threats, perceived as misdirected teenagers o eventually took physical action: breaking people’s homes, stealing and destroying property, harassment, battery, cutting girls’ hair, destroying files of ministries and enterprises, clogging transportation systems WEAKNESSES o different factions began to fight against each other, claiming to be most revolutionary o schools were closed down, proper education was not given o
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