ID2 - 15. Zhou Enlai prominent CCP leader, was Premier of...

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15. Zhou Enlai prominent CCP leader, was Premier of the PRC from 1949 until 1976 gained prominence by leading a anti-government raid during the May Fourth Movement of 1919 supported Mao against the 28 Bolsheviks faction in January 1935, during the Long March he worked to promote a united anti-Japanese front, and negotiated the Second CPC-KMT United Front became Premier in 1949, when the PRC was established as Premier, he focused primarily on the Chinese economy, which was lagging, and sought to increase agricultural output by evenly distributing land he maintained his position throughout the Great Leap Forward, but was hurt during the Cultural Revolution, which lasted from 1966 to 1976 in 1975, one year before his death, he promoted the “Four Modernizations” (the four fields being: agriculture, industry, science and technology, and the military) as an alternative to the Cultural Revolution. These were aimed at undoing a lot of the damage caused during the Cultural Revolution, and were later adopted by Deng Xiaoping, who inherited many of Zhou’s responsibilities after his death. helped resurrect contacts with the West during the 1970s his legacy: though he was a communist, Zhou was considerably more moderate than Mao (much like Deng Xiaoping), but lacked the power necessary to enact change 17. Gang of Four The Gang of Four was a group of Communist Party leaders in the People's Republic of China who were arrested and removed from their positions in 1976, following the death of Mao Zedong, and were blamed for the events of the Cultural Revolution. The group included Mao's widow Jiang Qing and three of her close associates, Zhang Chunqiao, Yao Wenyuan, and Wang Hongwen. Two other men who were already dead in 1976, Kang Sheng and Xie Fuzhi, were named as having been part of the "gang." The removal of this group from power marked the end of the Cultural Revolution. Mao placed Jiang, who before 1966 had not taken a public political role, in charge of the country’s cultural apparatus. Zhang, Yao and Wang were party leaders in Shanghai who had played leading roles in securing that city for Mao during the Cultural Revolution. In 1981, the four deposed leaders were subjected to a show trial and convicted of anti-party activities. 18. Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalist Party, also called the KMT) Formed after the Xinhai Revolution on August 25, 1912 by Sung Chiao-jen and Dr. Sun Yat-sen, the KMT was formed from a collection of several revolutionary groups Began receiving aid from the Soviet Union in the Early 1920s
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General Chiang Kai-shek emerged as the KMT leader and launched the Northern Expedition in 1926 against the warlord government in Beijing. He halted briefly in Shanghai in 1927 to purge the Communists who had been
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This note was uploaded on 09/29/2009 for the course EASC 150g taught by Professor Rosen during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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ID2 - 15. Zhou Enlai prominent CCP leader, was Premier of...

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