ID4 - 43 Environmental Problems in China(from Ogden Unequal...

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43. Environmental Problems in China (from Ogden) Unequal Benefits o Those who inhabit cities in the interior, live far from cities/transportation lines, or till less viable land reap fewer rewards o Short-term gains in income are threatened in the long term by the deterioration of the infrastructure for education and medical care Deterioration due to the elimination of the commune as the underlying institution for funding these services wealthy peasants send children to larger towns; also build private schools/hospitals o employees of the state suffer from fixed salaries barely adequate to buy goods whose prices are no longer state-controlled o inflation is low, but many workers feel they need 2 jobs to make ends meet o more corruption, w/o an adequate system of regulations/laws o polarization of wealth returned to China with the return of the free market decline in ratio of women to men o insufficient # of brides o selling girls as brides o one-child policy policy more fle3xible on the countryside can pay money for another child if give birth to a girl males more valued o expected to carry on traditional Chinese family rituals ecological crisis o rise in pollution of China’s air, water and land o depletion of nonrenewable resources and energy how did china in the past try to fight population? Whats going to happen after all resource have been defeated? Whos responsible for this? Is their air and water going to affect us? 44. The Rise of Nationalism in China (from Odgen) China’s leadership is still committed to building “socialism with Chinese characteristics in society. But there are very few true believers in communism left. So the government has focused more on economic efficiency and modernization. Fully aware that they need something to replace their defunct guiding ideologic principles (communism) and fearing that policies leaning towards pure materialism and consumerism are inadequate substitutes, China’s leaders seem to be relying on patriotism and nationalism as key components in forming a new ideology. The primary purpose of this new ideology based on nationalism is economic modernization and support of the leadership of the CCP. Chinese nationalism has been long used to unite the country. The Chinese take a great pride in their history, civilization, and people. The CCP uses this patriotism and nationalism as tools to keep heavy support from its citizens. The CCP tried to hammer in the minds of the
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Chinese that contact with foreigners brings ideological and cultural contamination. China’s nationalism is sparked by antiforeign sentiments. These sentiments come from the belief that foreign countries are – either militarily, economically, or through cultural invasion -- attempting to hurt China or intervene with Chinese sovereignty. Whenever it is made public that a foreign country condemns China’s actions or goes
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ID4 - 43 Environmental Problems in China(from Ogden Unequal...

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