xhomework - Nonlinear Oscillations ME 863 Due Tues. Feb 3,...

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Nonlinear Oscillations ME 863 Due Tues. Feb 3, 2004 HW Problem 1: For the linear oscillator mx" + cx' + kx = 0 (or 0 2 2 = + + x x x ϖ ςϖ , with ϖ 2 = k/m and mk c 2 = ς ) classify the stability/eigenvalue cases for different ranges of parameter values and give physical interpretations (i.e. relate the eigenvalue cases to overdamped, critically damped, and underdamped situations). HW Problem 2: Consider a friction on a belt drive, for the case in which the friction has the form sketched below. Perform an analysis of the local stability of fixed points. Under what parameter values is the system unstable? Locally oscillatory? What happens if you add viscous damping with c > -f'(v)? HW Problem 3: Compute periods of motion for the pendulum for g=9.81 m/s, l = 1m, and amplitudes of various sizes (A=10, 30, 60, 120, etc.). Use the table of complete elliptic functions of the first kind. Compare to the linearized period, and to the results from Lindstedt’s method. HW Problem 4. Qualitatively sketch the phase portrait by hand for a particle with a potential energy 3 4 2 3 4 2 bx ax kx V + + = , with k<0, a>0, and b>0. Verify that the separatrix consists of a saddle point. What effect does the value of b have on the behavior? What happens if you add linear damping to the oscillator? HW Problem 5. The gravitational potential between two bodies is inversely proportional to the distance, r, between the bodies. Under this potential, planets orbit stars, and moons orbit planets, with elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic orbits. What if the universe were designed with a gravitational potential of the form V = -k/r 2 ? (Here r is the distance of an orbiting planet to its sun). Sketch the phase portraits ( r vs. r) and draw conclusions.
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Nonlinear Oscillations ME 863 Due Thurs. Feb 19, 2004 HW 6. Consider the van der Pol equation: x" + x = ε (1-x 2 )x'. (a) Use the method of averaging to determine a first-order expansion and the presence of a limit cycle. (b) Repeat with the method of multiple scales.
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xhomework - Nonlinear Oscillations ME 863 Due Tues. Feb 3,...

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