Group Counseling Theory - Group Counseling Theory Therapeutic Factors Group therapy is very effective o Similar to medication or seeing a

Group Counseling Theory - Group Counseling Theory...

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Group Counseling Theory 4/1/19 Therapeutic Factors: Group therapy is very effective o Similar to medication or seeing a psychiatrist every 6 months Change is a complex process The group is the client 11 therapeutic factors o Instillation of hope Hope is necessary to keep the client in therapy o Imparting info Didactic instruction about mental health, mental illness, and general psychodynamics Psycho-educational groups o Imitative behavior It’s okay to imitate instructors Clients model themselves after other group members or group leader Clients learn from watching Plays a bigger role in the early stages of group o Group cohesiveness Does the group feel like they are in it together Similar to strength of a therapeutic relationship o Existential factors o Development of socializing techniques Giving feedback, active listening, norm setting o Universality You are not alone We-ness Heightened sense of uniqueness, which can hinder one’s ability to develop intimacy within relationships o Altruism Repurposing something bad Members gain through giving Group gives clients an opportunity to be of benefit to one another Encourages role versatility o Interpersonal learning You see how other manage their stress Personality is almost entirely a product of interaction with significant human beings Symptoms are a result of inadequate interpersonal relationships Parataxic distortions: individuals’ tendency to distort their perceptions of others. These self-perpetuating distortions are modifiable through consensual validation (comparing one’s interpersonal evaluations with those of others)
Corrective emotional experience: “expose the patient, under more favorable circumstances, to emotional situations that he could not handle in the past” Group as a social microcosm: Group members will begin to be themselves and interact with other group members o Catharsis Expressing/discharging of emotions Linked to hope and the ability to cope Necessary but not efficient o Corrective family experience Co-facilitators (male and female) Therapy group resembles a family (authority figure/parent, peer/sibling, personal revelations, strong emotions, deep intimacy as well as hostile, competitive feelings) Clients may have had unsatisfactory experiences in primary family Early family conflicts are re-experienced in a corrective manner Elements that Influence Therapy: Length of time Type of group Age/diagnosis Ideology of group leader Different perceptions and experiences Coping-collapse continuum: Repeatedly seeing people relapse o Taking a step backwards (i.e., sex, drugs, school) Existence Precedes Essence: We exist before our purpose is understood (if ever understood) Capacity to be self-aware Religion/belief systems should not be trivialized because they are the things that get people out of bed in the morning Focus on the HERE-and-NOW 4/8/19 Small Group Discussion Goals for the class Fears of leading a group on your own

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