CJ 505: Theories of Crime and Delinquency Chapters 3&4 - Rashad Davalie CJ 505 Theories of Crime and Delinquency Dr Dotter Summer I Chapter 3(The

CJ 505: Theories of Crime and Delinquency Chapters 3&4 -...

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Rashad Davalie CJ 505: Theories of Crime and Delinquency Dr. Dotter Summer I 6/1/19 Chapter 3 (The Positivist School) 1. Fully discuss the positivist school of criminology. Include the following points: the importance Lombroso as ”father” of the school; the assumptions about society, crime, and punishment (especially the emphases on determinism and treatment/rehabilitation. As discussed in the previous chapter on the “Classical School” it was believed that a crime was self driven behavior and in some cases the person can be “fixed” by given a punishment to match the crime. An Italian physician by the name of Cesare Lombroso argued against this “Classical School” theory, and took the scientific route to support his theory. With the “Positivist School” once known as “The Modern School”, Lombroso believed that crime was caused by features within the individual. For example individuals with tattoos, large jaws, high cheekbones etc were subject to commit some sort of crime. Lombroso and other Italian Positivist we’re influenced by Charles Darwin evolution theory to validate the scientific theory of criminal behavior. Lombroso was given the name “father” of the Italian Positivist by a man by the name of Wolfgang. Wolfgang pointed out Lombroso approach to this theory while being a physician in the Italian army. Lombroso studied the different soldiers, he found that the soldiers with many tattoos we’re the ones committing most crimes and breaking most of the rules; he added “tattoos” as a criminal characteristics. The Positivist School mainly used micro level

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