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GenPsychMemoryPart1 - Lecture Outline Introduction to...

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Lecture Outline Introduction to memory. Types of memory and the brain. Studies of implicit memory. Studies of explicit memory. The information processing view Sensory memory, short-term memory, long-term memory. Encoding and retrieval. Podcast: Memory for academic content. Why Cover Chapter 7 Now? We are addressing the topic of memory early in the semester because of its importance to your success in this course and others you are taking this semester. Hopefully, what you learn about this topic will enable you to improve your time management and study skills. On Definitions of Memory The definition in the Kalat textbook, that memory is “the retention of information,” is unsatisfactory because the term “information” is unclear. Instead, let’s consider memory from the point of view of changes in the brain. The Ways in Which the Brain May Change Genetically-programmed maturation. Damage from injury, disease, aging, harmful substances (drugs, toxins), or oxygen deprivation. Experience. Defining Learning and Memory in Terms of Brain Changes Let us use t he term “learning” to refer to the processes via which the brain changes as a result of experience. Let us use t he term “memory” to refer to the behavioral and experiential consequences of the brain changes that result from experience.
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Memory is Fundamental and Complex From an evolutionary point of view, modifying behavior in response to experience is of critical importance to survival. Thus, the nervous systems of even the simplest animals have mechanisms that can be described as memory. As the brain evolved and more structures emerged, each with its own way of changing in response to experience, more “types” of memory developed . Memory is Functional What we experience is the result of the situation in which we put ourselves and the actions (including voluntary acts of attention) we perform in those situations. Actions reflect motivation. Actions are directed by our goals, emotions, and interests. An Example of the Functional Nature of Memory Nickerson & Adams (1979). Which of the following is the genuine penny?
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