KPER 1400 Concepts of Recreation and Leisure
Today’s lecture • Chapter 27 - A History of Leisure Provision in Canada • Chapter 28 - Private Sector Providers • Chapter 29 – Models of Public Leisure Services Delivery
Chapter 27- History of Leisure Provision in Canada • “Recreation is the experience that results from freely chosen participation in physical, social, intellectual, creative and spiritual pursuits that enhance individual and community wellbeing”- National Framework for Recreation in Canada, 2005 • Leisure Provision • Refers to industries and people who provide leisure for general consumption
Elsie McFarland • Chronicler of Canada’s municipal recreation history • Advocate for recreation and recreation education • One of the first Canadians to achieve a PhD in recreation administration • First woman to be president of the Canadian Parks/Recreation Society
History of Parks and Recreation • Viewing ‘significant communications of the time’ • Legislation, reports, manuscripts, pictures etc.. • Predecessors: • Passionate advocates for social reform and civic advancement • Thought recreation could improve conditions • Wanted to preserve natural environment
Municipal Parks • Trace back to the 1500s • Not really designed to be recreation space specifically • The Garden in St. John’s • The Common-Halifax
Parks continued • Evolution of Park Spaces between 19th and 20th Century • Parks as we know it started in the 19th Century • Improve health conditions by providing boulevards, parks and other breathing spaces • City Beautification • Civic Boosters- increase wealth of the city.
Parks continued • During the 19 th century • English gardens • Active use prohibited
Parks continued • 1920s- Pre-war and depression era- land requisition • 1930s- Depression era- variable impact on recreation services • 1940-1960s- Baby boom- demand for services • 1980s/1990s- Economic recession- cutbacks
Playgrounds and Vacation Schools • National Council of Women of Canada (NCW) • Umbrella organization • Became involved in leisure provision in 1901 • Playgrounds as a vehicle for social reform • Proactive programs for youth at risk • “this National Council of Canada cannot bring into the lives of Canadian children a greater boon than by organizing vacation schools and public playgrounds. All methods of reform that do not begin with childhood, strike only at leaves and branches of evil, and fail to touch the root. Train the child correctly and the adult will not need reformation.” (NCW, 1901, p. 152).
Playgrounds • NCW were only the catalyst. • Provision of the playgrounds were handled by the Local Councils of Women. • Eventually cities created local playground associations • Included citizens and representatives of various groups • Next step- creation of playground commission
Playgrounds as education and recreation • 1912- NC advocated for courses in the provincial Normal Schools • Late 1920s- Nova Scotia – ‘a wise use of leisure’ • 1960s- university programs in BC and Alberta.
Mabel Peters • Driving force for playgrounds • ‘Mother of Canadian Playground Movement’ •
- Spring '18