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Test 1-1 - Test1:Chapter1: 20:56...

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Test 1:Chapter 1: Intro to Prehistoric Art  20:56 Wounded Bison, Altamira, Spain 12,000-11,000 BCE each bison app. 5 inches long Hall of the Bulls, Lascaux 15,000-13,000 B.C.
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“Venus” of Willendorf Austria 25,000-20,000 BCE -Carved from limestone with stone tools to  make the molded features of the statue. Horse, Vogelherd (Germany) Ca 28,000 BCE Bison, La Madeleine (France) 
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15,000-10,000 BCE -extremely detailed -Bison may be making a sound, by the way his mouth is open (cat) Hybrid figure Hohlenstein-Stadel Germany 40,000-28,000 BCE -Shaamanism -mammoth ivory -lightly scratched arm -found in Egypt Two Bison, Ariege, France ca. 13,000 BCE -cracks on surfaces resulted from getting wet -almost lifelike
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The Rise of Built Architecture     Introduction of pottery- made it possible to store goods; no longer relying on  animal skins Jericho (location) Ca 7,000 BCE -had as many as 2,000 people -complex society, there were other settlements around Jericho. People of Jericho  built a wall that is 5 feet thick and 13 feet wide.  Built of stone that is plastered  together. Made with stone tools, a staircase runs through it. Oval or circular  houses have been found with mud brick (wet mud which is set in the sun to dry)  which was made into houses.
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Plastered Skull Jericho Ca 7,000 BCE -done with white plaster, the eyes are done with broken bits of shell
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Human Figures Ain Ghazal, Jordan Ca 6750-6250 BCE Anthropormorphic (shaped like a human) -36 sculptures found at the site of Ain Ghazal -bitunem -another sculpture has conjoined twins -Mardok: greatest god of the Babylonians  Hassuna Pottery, Iraq Ca. 6000-5000 Catal Huyuk: very large site, up to 10,000. Remains were made of mud brick.  Square spaces were all joined together. No windows or doors except for the top.  To get in and out of houses you had to go through the roof. Very secure  settlement. Connected society. Structures were extremely durable. All of the  builidings surround an open court. Lots of religious shrines. Shrines consist of  plastered bull skulls and horns (bulls were a form of extreme power). Leopard  reliefs were also found.  Leopard relief, Catal Huyuk “goddess” relief, Catal Huyuk ca. 6000-5700 Volcano and town
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Catal Huyuk Ca 6000 BCE -Hasan Dag Volcano Female Figure Cernavoda Romania  Ca 3500 BCE  -Male figure is the one of the right -they were found together Menhir Alingnment Menec (France)  Ca 4250-3750 BCE -Northwestern France, stones could be up to 1800 feet tall  Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain Ca 2100 BCE
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-located in England, covered in burial grounds. Set aside by the construction of a ditch which is 100 feet across and 6 to 10 ft. deep. Lintels are the stones that go across the top. Sarsen stone has a circle of smaller stones which are called blue stones.
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