chinmythnotes - Chinese Notes Myth Definition: Myth is a...

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Unformatted text preview: Chinese Notes Myth Definition: Myth is a traditional story, myths are anonymous. Mythology: study of myths or a whole group of myths that belong to a particular culture Myth: story that includes: Plots Characters Beginning, middle, end Setting Traditional Powell -> 3 kinds of myth Divine Myth: principal characters superior to humans can take on human or animal shapes Legends: humans, not gods or goddesses; supernatural humans Folktale: anything not divine or legend (aesopss fables) Chinese Mythology Divine myths Legends Buddhist and daoist tales Traditional Chinese Dynasties: Wade-Giles (Pinyin): Xia (Hsia) 2205-1767 BC Shang (Shang) 1766-1123 BC Zhou (Chou) 1123-256 BC 1 o Western 1122-771 o Eastern 771-256 Qin (Chin) 255-221-207 BC Han (Han) 202-221 BC Romanization Systems: Wade Giles o Originally by Thomas Wade; British military and diplomatic official; 1 st professor of Chinese at Cambridge University (1888) o Modified by Herbert Giles for his Chinese/English dictionary; 2 nd professor of Chinese at Cambridge University Pinyin o Combining Sounds o Developed in 1950s by Peoples Republic of China o Now official United Nations Romanization system for Chinese language o Becoming most widely used Materials on Chinese Myths: No ancient systematic presentation Fragments are found in various ancient and later texts 3 types of Chinese source materials o Received texts o Recensions reconstructed from quotations Recension: existed in ancient times; text lost then recovered **Euhemerism Euhemerus (late 4 th Century BC) explained that the greed gods such as Uranus, Cronus, Zeus, etc had originally been great kings They were so respected that they were worshipped after their deaths and eventually became recognized as gods 2 This theory is known as euhemerization In Chinese history/mythology the process is often the opposite: gods, over time, became accepted as having been historical people The theory that descirbes this process will be called reverse euhemerization Derk Boddes Essay: *what Bodde calls euhemerization, we, in this class, call reverse euhemeriztion History and Culture Shang Dynasty Ends Zhou (Chou) dynasty if founded The Zhou establish a form of feudalism as their way of administration Dukes, marquises, earls, viscounts, and barons were established to rule various states 771 BC end of western Zhou (722-481 BC) is known as the spring and autumn period named after a book with this title Zhou forces are defeated by non-chinese tribes people Capital near modern Xian (in west) falls. Western Zhou ends Capital is moved to Loyang (farther to the east); eastern Zhou begins Zhou never regained earlier power Various individual states contended for power Stronger states absorbed weaker ones o 403-221 BC Warring states period 3 Major powers emerge...
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chinmythnotes - Chinese Notes Myth Definition: Myth is a...

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