Composite 1-7 - January 20 2009 Science as a Cultural...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
January 20 2009 Science as a Cultural Practice I. Science as a Culture a. Power of a Label i. Science is not a static array of supposed truths. It is particular types of human activity we label as science. It provides the possibility for the practice of those activities. b. Science as a way of doing things i. Creating bombs id you can do something you must know something. This runs into strange historical paradoxes. This assumes all of space is filled with parts that move through the universe in set ways. c. Shifting Scientific World Picture i. Ex: in the 17 th century heat was regarded as a phenomenon caused by rapid moving particles. 18 th century heat was a fluid substance. The more fluid moving the particles the more heat. This helped make discoveries. 19 th century heat: kinetic theory of heat. More defined picture of what exists in the world d. Explanations and understanding (Newton, Darwin): i. History of Science change depending on what is accepted as an acceptable explanation. People criticized Newton for not having given an explanation. He described it but had not explained gravitational force. An explanation only made sense by lumps of matter pushing against other lumps of matter. His explanation was not mechanical. As people got use to mathematical reasoning and began to accept Newton’s theory. However, it was then argued by Maxwell there had to be a material ether (19 th Century). In the case of Darwin, natural selection, he made sense of how the world appears to be so fitted to their ways of life. Others didn’t think it was the right sort of explanation. People thought natural selection was wrong. The idea you could get order from chance doesn’t seem deterministic. This isn’t something your mind can find a satisfactory answer. II. The Historical View of Science a. Science and Technical Achievement (Maxwell); i. Nations and certain fields trace their endeavors back to certain people and discoveries III. Science in 1700 – European framework a. Beliefs: i. Did not talk about “science” the way we do. Science was not used in a general way. The general usage did not occur until 2 nd half of 19 th century. The most common term prior to this was to call it natural philosophy. ii. Europe just went through scientific revolution. Went from Copernicus to Newton. This was a big shift in conceptions of what
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
the world is like and attitudes. They could accept new ideas and be receptive to the new universe b. Explanation: The world as a machine: i. In 1700 were mechanical. The way to understand it the metaphor of the universe as a gigantic machine. It is a machine that has a maker. This determined how people would approach aspects of the machine and how it worked. Matter was inert and dead. For Newton this wasn’t the case. c.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 26

Composite 1-7 - January 20 2009 Science as a Cultural...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online