Lecture 13 - Darwin and the Problem of Species

Lecture 13 - Darwin and the Problem of Species - -...

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- Institutions and Research - Germany: Scientific Research in Universities - Bildung: Wisenschaft (Humboldt; Gymansium) - Research Seminars, Laboratories - Scientific Research as a career - US universities and the German Model - France: centralization and stagnation - Britain - Scientific societies (Linnaean ETC) - (Darwin, Joule, Maxwell) - British Association (1831) - Royal Institution (Davy, Faraday) - Universities, teaching, industry: - Maxwell and the Cavendish Laboratory Darwin The Man - Speculating the issue of transmutation of species. This included the consideration of human evolution through transmutation. These were issues that were very controversial. - Darwin was an ambitious person and wanted to make his mark in the scientific work. Natural Selection from Idea (1838) to publication (1859) - Darwin doesn’t want to spring this idea on his colleuges unless she has the best evidence to try and convince them the best that he can. They thought that species did not change over many generations. He is being very careful but he does get married. - He still doesn’t know what to do about transmutation of species. - “sketch” (1842) and “essay” (1844) – joseph hooker - he writes a 35 page manuscript called the sketch that layed out the argument for his theory. He then produces a much longer document, 230 pages, which he calls his essay. This had a structure to the argument not very different to what shows up in the origin of species. He shows the essay to the prominent botanist Joseph Hooker. He finds it interesting but is not at the time convinced by Darwin’s argument. What hooker advises Darwin to do is get more credentials in zoological classification. - In 1847 Darwin embarks on an 8 yr project on classification. This eight- year project was one of classifying barnacles. In the 1850’s Darwin starts messing around with breeding pigeons and the inheritance of features. He keeps pigeons. -
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Lecture 13 - Darwin and the Problem of Species - -...

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