vocab. Exam 1 - POLITICAL SCEINCE EXAM I Chapter 1...

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POLITICAL SCEINCE EXAM I Chapter 1 Permanent campaign: condition that prevails in the new American democracy when the next election campaign begins as soon as the last has ended and the line btw. Electioneering and governing has disappeared. Majority : 50% plus one Government : institution in society holding a monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force. Aristocracy: describes a government of the few in which the leaders are meritorious and chosen by virtue of their birth into noble families. Oligarchy: government by the few, in which individuals in power aren’t titled nobility but capture power either through military action or political party. Democracy: government in which all citizens share power Direct democracy : type of government in which all citizens participate personally in making government decisions. Representatives : individuals, periodically chosen by citizens, who have the authority to decide what governments do. Prospective voting : when citizens look to the future while voting, taking into account each candidate’s campaign promises; each election becomes an occasion to decide the future direction of public policies. Delegate : representative who reflects the opinions of those who elected him or her to office. Constituents : people legally entitled to vote for and office holder. Trustee : one who acts on behalf of the interests of the citizens rather than according to the citizens’ past preferences. Retrospective voting : voting on the basis of past policies rather than guessing at the results of future policies. Recall elections : attempts to remove incumbents from office before the completion of their terms Primary election : a preliminary contest that narrows the number of the parties’ candidates and determines who will be the nominees in the general election.
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Initiative : proposed law of state constitutional amendment placed on the ballot in response to a citizen petition. Referendum : a law or state constitutional amendment that is proposed by a legislature or other elected body but goes into effect only if approved by a specified majority of voters. Proposition: an initiative or a referendum that often provide a basis for political action. Single-issue voters : voters who care so deeply about some particular issue that their votes are determined by a candidate’s position on this one issue. Electoral initiative
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2009 for the course POLS 1336 taught by Professor Barns during the Fall '09 term at University of Houston - Downtown.

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vocab. Exam 1 - POLITICAL SCEINCE EXAM I Chapter 1...

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