cerulo ruane - sociological imagination

cerulo ruane - sociological imagination - Introduction The...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction The Sociological Perspective In this introduction, we discuss the roots of conventional wisdom. We also contrast such knowledge with that acquired via the sociological perspective. In this way, we introduce students to a sociological mode of thinking. onventional wisdom is a part of our everyday lives. We are exposed to its lessons from C early childhood, and we encounter its teachings until the day we die. Who among us was not taught, for example, to “be fearful of strangers” or that “beauty is only skin deep”? Similarly, we have all learned that “stress is bad for our well—being” and that “adult life is simply incomplete without children.” Conventional wisdom comes to us in many forms. We encounter it via folk adages, “old wives’ tales,” traditions, and political or religious rhetoric. We find it in advice columns, cul- tural truisms, and the tenets of “common sense.” Conventional wisdom refers to that body of assertions and beliefs that is generally recognized as part of a culture’s “common knowl— edge.” These cultural lessons are many, and they cannot be taken lightly. They are central to American society, and they are frequently the source of our beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. To be sure, conventional wisdom often contains elements of truth. As such, it constitutes a starting point for knowledge (Mathisen 1989; Ruane 2004). Consider, for example, the well- known truism: “Actions speak louder than words.” Many laboratory studies indeed have shown that those assessing an individual who says one thing but does another are influenced more strongly by the individual’s actions (Amabile and Kabat 1982; Bryan and Walbek 1970; Ekman and Frank 1993; Ekman et a1. 1991; Van Overwalle 1997). Similarly, a long line of research supports the adage that warns, “Marry in haste, repent at leisure.” When we define haste as “marrying too young or marrying too quickly,” we find that those who “marry in haste” report less satisfaction over the course of the marriage and experience higher divorce rates than those who make a later or a slower decision (Furstenburg 1979; Glenn and 0 5000:0030: 500090 3:: 9.0020: 5000:. 0:: m0:5:5 3:9 5:00: 2 0:. 5:9 30:5 0:: 5050000 Em? 20:50— ::030m0 $8.02 808. 005520 :5: 5 8520:3050: 2:0:05. :020<2. 00: :0 105.. m020: 002050 0:: :0:0<- :50 22:55:. 00:20::2 0:0 2:0:050 20 05:58. 30:2 05:00 0:02. :5 520:8. 52 50:8 0:850m5m 0:0 .400: 0: 0:00:20: 020: 50 5:0m5:0:0 5000 0:500 0m 0200:: 30:00:00 020 8802020: :0. 5000 20 502 A000 :88. :3. 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This note was uploaded on 10/01/2009 for the course 920 103 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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cerulo ruane - sociological imagination - Introduction The...

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