phil's study guide

phil's study guide - Question 1(i State the Cosmological...

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Question 1: (i) State the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God One of the reasons that jake said: was that God was the ultimate explanation for the existence of the universe (Cosmological Argument- Every natural event has a cause) He mentioned that a reason for this, or the premises are, The Universe has certain features, that only a designer could have done. 3 possibilities A. (which he dismissed right away) there is only one universe, a its laws are determined at random B. there a lots of universe (every possible universe exist) (thats the one, he picked) C. There is just one universe, and it was created by god (ii) How does modern physics call into question one of the premises of this argument? The argument was very believable for different centuries, until the 1900 when Charles Darwin, come with the theory of evolution, (also the big bang theory?) Note: Jake also talked something about a "megaverse", which according to him is a set of universes that exist, and i believe that was part of his explanation on what he might thought a possible reasons for the existence of the universe. If i recall, he mentioned something about good created a world that is not that perfect, but still we might me one that me might have created, but I'm not sure if that overlaps with the evil argument. 2. The Argument from Evil (i) State the Argument from Evil (a.k.a. the “problem of evil”), as formulated in lecture. (ii) Explain how the possibility that there are many worlds creates problems for this argument.
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P1. God exists. P2. God is omnibenevolent, and thus is opposed to all evil. P3. God is omniscient, and thus is aware of all evil. P4. God is omnipotent, and thus is able to destroy all evil. From P1- P4, God can completely eliminate all evil. P5. Evil exists in the world. C1. At least one of Premises 1 through 4 is false I don’t remember exactly what Jake said about the many worlds response. From the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: “A second way of attempting to show that the argument from evil does not even get started is by appealing to the proposition that there is no best of all possible worlds. Here the basic idea is that if for every possible world, however good, there is a better one, then the fact that this world could be improved upon does not give one any reason for concluding that, if there is an omnipotent and omniscient being, that being cannot be morally perfect.” Also, given P1-P4, God would only create the best possible world. Where we see evil in the world and think how much better it could be, perhaps we really are living in the best possible world. Jake used the example of watching videos as supposed to suffering evils first hand. For all we know, the world is a better place because directly experiencing evil has led humanity to develop virtuous qualities they otherwise never would have. So, just because God could completely eliminate all evil from the world, doesn’t mean that He may have good reason not to. 3. The Fine Tuning Argument is the proposition that certain
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phil's study guide - Question 1(i State the Cosmological...

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