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Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism

Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism - Extreme and...

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Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism – J. J. C. Smart In Smart’s article he addresses the differences between extreme and restricted utilitarianism, specifically arguing for the side of extreme utilitarianism. According to extreme utilitarianism, the “rightness or wrongness” of an individual action depends on how good or bad the consequences are. If the good outweighs the bad (increases utility) the action is moral, and if the bad out weights the good (decreases utility) the action is immoral. Restricted utilitarianism tells us that moral rules must be followed at all times. Unlike extreme utilitarianism, “moral rules are more than rules of thumb.” An action is right or wrong not according to its consequences, but according to the rule the action follows. If a rule generally increases utility, any action to follow said rule is considered moral. If a rule generally decreases utility, any action to follow said rule is considered immoral. Actions
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