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Running head: MCCARTHYISM AND ANTI-COMMUNISM 1Week 7 Case Study Chamberlain College of NursingHIST405January 2020
MCCARTHYISM AND ANTI-COMMUNISM2McCarthyism and Anti-CommunismMcCarthyism was a period of time in America that Wisconsin Sen. Joseph McCarthy helda series of investigations as well as hearings in the 1950s hoping to expose suspected communists in various areas of the U.S. government. Atcher claims McCarthyism is the “name given to the period of time in American history that saw U.S. Sen. Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin produce a series of investigations and hearings during the 1950s in an effort to exposesupposed communist infiltration of various areas of the U.S. government,” (2020). It caused an extreme scare among Americans which would result in ruined reputations and lost jobs. In this paper I will explain how Sen. Joseph McCarthy defined communist nations within his speech in Wheeling, West Virginia, specify the specific threats those nations posed, assess is McCarthy’s charges were accurate, analyze anti-communist sentiments during the Cold War era and if the sentiments were valid or not, explain if there are other examples of events similar to the Red Scare that have occurred throughout history and modern day, and examine what happened to people who invoked the Fifth Amendment, those who refused to appear, and those who were found in violation of the law as defined by the Congressional Committee.Communist Nations and Their ThreatsSen. McCarthy believed that communist nations were “communist atheists.” He saw these nations as traitorous as well as only having one goal in mind, world destruction. He compares morality, religious beliefs, and other social characteristics between the western people and communists. Based on what he claimed in his speech, the only difference between communists and other people was morality. He viewed communists as not being morally correct with some instances such as the Marxian idea of taking land from people and also using a single enterprise to run the entire economy, which he considered immoral. Although the Soviet Union, a