#12 - 12. Glaucons Challenge (i) Distinguish between...

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12. Glaucon’s Challenge (i) Distinguish between inherent and instrumental value, and give an example of each. -Instrumental Value : Good for the sake of something else, i.e. money. Money is good because it can be used to get other things we need. (i.e. cake!) -Inherent Value : Good for itself, i.e. cake. Cake is good in and of itself. Glaucon’s argument tells us that morality only has instrumental value. (ii) How does Glaucon compare two lives in order to show that justice is not inherently valuable? An overview of Glaucon’s comparison. I’ve underlined points I found important. Glaucon presents an argument to which he asks Socrates to respond, stating that individuals who act in a just manner act in such a way out of necessity for fear of being punished if they act wrongly. Furthermore, he argues that the life of the unjust man is better than the life of the just man. In addressing his first point, Glaucon brings up the legend of Gyges—a shepherd who was said to have discovered a ring that had the power
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This note was uploaded on 10/01/2009 for the course PHIL 262g at USC.

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#12 - 12. Glaucons Challenge (i) Distinguish between...

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