HEA242_Week3_Fall 2009

HEA242_Week3_Fall 2009 - Community Organizing/Building and...

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Community Organizing/Building and Health Promotion Programming Stacie Metz Department of Health West Chester University Week 3
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Essential Skills for Public Health Professionals Epidemiologic methods: Surveillance of rates of disease Identification of what factors increase risk of disease Two other skills for community health workers: Community organizing/building Health promotion programming
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Community Organizing “A process through which communities are helped to identify common problems or goals, mobilize resources, and in other ways develop and implement strategies for reaching their goals they have collectively set” (Minkler & Wallerstein, 2005)
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Related Terminology Community capacity Community characteristics affecting its ability to identify, mobilize, & address problems (Goodman et al., 1999) Empowered community One in which individuals and organizations apply their skills and resources in collective efforts to meet their respective needs (Israel et al., 1994)
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Related Terminology Community organizing that starts where the people are and engages community members as equals Social capital relationships and structures within a community that promote cooperation for mutual benefit
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Need for Organizing Communities Advances have moved us to the need to organize: Communications Household upgrades (e.g., energy efficiency) Increased mobility (e.g., frequency of moving) Lack of interaction with neighbors Size of communities
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Assumptions of Community Organization 1. Communities of people can develop the capacity to deal with their own problems 2. People want to change and can change 3. People should participate in making, adjusting, or controlling the major changes taking place within their communities 4. Changes in community living that are self-imposed or self-developed have a meaning and permanence that imposed changes do not have
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Assumptions of Community Organization 5. A “holistic approach” can deal successfully with problems with which a “fragmented approach” cannot cope 6. Democracy requires cooperative participation and action
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This note was uploaded on 10/01/2009 for the course HEA 242 taught by Professor Kellar during the Spring '09 term at West Chester.

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HEA242_Week3_Fall 2009 - Community Organizing/Building and...

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