Nov 2003 Mark Scheme History Europe HL paper 3

Nov 2003 Mark Scheme History Europe HL paper 3 - MARKSCHEME...

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Unformatted text preview: MARKSCHEME November 2003 HISTORY – EUROPE Higher Level Paper 3 27 pages N03/315/H(3)M+ INTERNATIONAL BACCALAUREATE BACCALAURÉAT INTERNATIONAL BACHILLERATO INTERNACIONAL c 1. What factors made it difficult to establish a limited monarchy in France between 1789 and 1792? Candidates should first identify the key factors. These could include the character and actions of the king; divisions within the Assembly; fear of counter-revolution; the actions of revolutionary clubs; the discontent of the sans-culottes; the formation of the National Guard; the war and initial defeats. They should then explain why these contributed to the difficulty of creating a limited monarchy. Candidates can and should identify both internal and external factors in their answer and these should be analysed. Merely descriptive accounts should not score highly. [0 to 7 marks] for answers which merely describe the events in France between 1789 and 1792. [8 to 10 marks] for responses which show some understanding of the factors involved but at a descriptive level. [11 to 13 marks] for those answers which show some basic understanding of the factors involved and why they made it difficult to establish a limited monarchy. [14 to 16 marks] for answers with more sophistication and which demonstrate a clear relationship between the factors and the failure to establish a limited monarchy. [17+ marks] essays would demonstrate cause-effect at a sophisticated level, and may show evidence of outside reading. – 3 – N03/315/H(3)M+ 2. To what extent did Napoleon apply the principles of the French Revolution in France and in the territories which he occupied? Candidates should first identify what they consider to be the principles of the French Revolution. Many answers will focus on Liberté , Égalité and Fraternité although these were not uniform. Napoleon’s actions in France and abroad can then be evaluated in light of these definitions. Candidates could include Napoleon’s governmental, educational, legal and financial reforms but these were more consistently carried out in France than in the occupied territories. Better candidates will comment that the general applicability of these reforms was illusory. Candidates should deal with both Napoleon’s policies in France and abroad. No doubt more will be known about France, but reserve at least [5 marks] for “abroad”. [0 to 7 marks] for answers which describe Napoleon’s policies but which do not relate them back to the French Revolution. [8 to 10 marks] for some mention of principles with implicit connection between them and Napoleon’s policies. [11 to 13 marks] for answers that include a more detailed account of principles and policies....
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Nov 2003 Mark Scheme History Europe HL paper 3 - MARKSCHEME...

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