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Unformatted text preview: 1. Though often drawn as linear skeletons in aqueous solutions many sugars form rings 2. A disaccharide formed when dehydration joins 2 monosaccharide 3. Poly, polymers of sugars have storage and structural roles 4. Starch storage poly of plants consists of glucose monomers 5. Plants store surplus starch as granules within chloroplasts and other plastids 6. Glycogen is storage poly in animals 7. Humans and other vertebrates store glycogen mainly in liver and muscle cells 8. Poly cellulose is major component of tough wall of plant cells 9. Cellulose is poly of glucose 10. Polymers with alpha glucose are helical 11. Polymers with Beta glucose are straight 12. Enzymes that digest starch by hydrolyzing alpha linkages cant hydrolyze beta linkages in cellulose 13. Cellulose in human food passes thru the digestive tract as insoluble fiber 14. Some microbes use enzymes to digest cellulose 15. Many herbivores, from cows to termites, have symbiotic relationships with these microbes 16. Chitin, another structural polysaccharide, is found in exoskeleton of 16....
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