History Self Notes 9-14-09

History Self Notes 9-14-09 - Spanish Colonial...

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Spanish Colonial Administration Government 1. The King and the Council of the Indies 2. Viceroys -stand-in for the King, supreme authority of New World 3. Regional Audiencias 4. Captaincy-Generals -have military power in their areas 5. Corregidor or Cabildo-local officials The Economy 1. Seville Monopoly -everything coming to new world has to pass thru Port of Seville (taxes are levied here) 2. Fleet system -prices are high because only a few ships a year come across 3. Contraband -Spanish lose control quickly because people can’t afford it legally and the coastline is so big they can’t control it Society in the Spanish New World 1. Immigration a. Peninsulares b. Creoles c. Meztizos 2. Native Americans a. The Columbian Exchange b. Haciendas-land worked by native Americans (land grant) work the land for a % of crops 3. New World Catholicism a. Syncretism-people rapidly converting (combo of catholic religious beliefs to native American religious beliefs) Conquistadors and Expansion to the North 1. Ponce de Leon and Florida -de Leon tries again to colonize Florida, killed by people there 2. Panfilo de Narvaez (went to arrest Cortez) and Cabeza de Vaca (ends up gaining respect from Indians, gains his freedom after the shipwreck. De Vaca gets back from Spain and tells of cities of gold that the Indians know of. a. Cibola 3. Hernando de Soto -expedition into Florida looking for what de Vaca talked about (treated Indians badly, asking for gold, food, Indians don’t like them) killed in native fight 4. Francisco Vasquez de Coronado -expedition with de Vaca’s companion a. The Zuni-6 great cities (no gold in the city) 5. The Pacific a. California b. The Philippines The Spanish Frontier System 1. The Mission System a. Franciscans and Dominicans
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b. Where it worked and why-worked in California, not in Texas (because of horses and because Texas isn’t all about agriculture) c. Native Americans end up working for the mission d. Somewhat better life for native Americans, sometimes worse because they have to abide by the mission rule 2. Trading Posts a. Don’t work 3. Presidios 4. Settlements a. small Spanish settlements start to grow Challenges in the Spanish Southwest 1. Establishment of Santa Fe 1598 a. Drought b. Navajo and Apache c. Things aren’t getting better after these natives convert to other gods 2. The pueblo Revolt 1680 a. Pope
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