Macromolecules

Macromolecules - Forming Macromolecules An organic molecule...

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Unformatted text preview: Forming Macromolecules An organic molecule consists of a carbon- based core with special groups attached These groups have special properties and are referred to as functional groups Forming Macromolecules Organisms are primarily made of four kinds of molecules Proteins Nucleic acids Carbohydrates Lipids These are termed macromolecules They constitute the building materials and machinery of the cell Macromolecules are made by a process termed dehydration synthesis Macromolecules are broken down by a process termed hydrolysis Both types of processes require enzymes HO H HO H H 2 O Energy HO H H HO H 2 O Energy HO H H HO Proteins Made up of subunits called amino acids There are 20 common amino acids, and they fall into one of four general groups Six amino acids Six amino acids Five amino acids Three amino acids Proteins Amino acids are linked together by peptide bonds Long chains of amino acids are called polypeptides Determined by the sequence of its amino acids There are four general levels Primary Secondary Tertiary Quaternary Protein Structure...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course BIO 110 taught by Professor N/a during the Fall '08 term at Cal Poly Pomona.

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Macromolecules - Forming Macromolecules An organic molecule...

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