History 2111 Exam 3 Study Guide.docx - History 2111 Exam 3...

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History 2111Exam 3 Study GuideJohn Adams (Page 199-200)Virginia Dynasty Virginia dominating the American politics lead to the Hartford Convention example: each president was from Virginia except John Adams. The Father of the American Navy The second President of the United States Thomas Jefferson (Search more on study guide)Embargo on British trade 1804 Thomas Jefferson was reelect as president opponent was Charles Pinckney-the Secretary of State (and future President) who favored an America that was tied to its agricultural roots and that had a small national government Nearly doubled the size of the country.president refused to sign or send the new judges their commissionLouisiana Purchase (Page 209-211)Louisiana Purchase- France sold the New Orleans to Americans.Louisiana Purchase behind the scene deal- Spain transfer Louisiana back to France (France use tohave Louisiana but lost it during the seven years’ war) now they have it back 2 million for purchaseLouisiana Purchase doubts territory slave or free1819 Arkansas made into a territory covered out from the Louisiana Purchase. 1819 become a state Louisiana Purchase was Missouri apply to congress to become a states.Missouri Compromise made boundaries from Mississippi river along the southern border of Missouri line drawn across from the Louisiana Purchase from east to west.1803 - The U.S. purchased the land from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains from Napoleon for $15 million. Jefferson was interested in the territory because it would give the U.S. the Mississippi River and New Orleans (both were valuable for trade and shipping) and also room to expand. Napoleon wanted to sell because he needed money for his European campaigns and because a rebellion against the French in Haiti had soured him on the idea of New World colonies. The Constitution did not give the federal government the power to buy land, so Jefferson used loose construction to justify the purchase.Impressment (Page 212)The forcible enlistment of Sailors- was a crude form of conscription that the British, among otherhad employed for over four centuriesCongress declared war in 1812 spring more impressment Wars 1812 focus in Canada series of battles navy take control of the Great Lakes ErieImpressment British practice this practice of drafting people into the Navy. Force able takes men to the navy. Stop ships and taking shipmen (it was annoying to the United States government) it lead to increase tension between the two countries.1812 War CausesChesapeake Affair (Page 212-213)
1807 a crisis begin Chesapeake AffairAmerican Navy ship is fired upon by the British when the Chesapeake refuses to stop for the British to stay out of American watersThe British ship "The Leopard" pulled up next to the U.S.S. Constitution (American ship) and put a hole in our ship and impressed our sailors. (This was one of the causes of the War of 1812.)Battle of Tippecanoe (Page 217) William Henry Harrison HERO crushes alliance Battle of Tippecanoe 1812

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