218%20Parenteral%20Nutrition%20Lecture%20Notes

218%20Parenteral%20Nutrition%20Lecture%20Notes - Nutrition...

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utrition Support Nutrition Support Enteral Nutrition Tube Feeding
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utrition support Nutrition support Techniques used when a patient is unable to meet nutritional needs by normal gestion of food (oral diet) ingestion of food (oral diet) Enteral nutrition dministration of nutrients in liquid form directly Administration of nutrients in liquid form directly into the GI tract (stomach or small bowel) Tube feeding Parenteral nutrition Administration of highly refined nutrients directly into the blood stream (intravenous administration) Total parenteral nutrition (TPN)
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ube feeding Tube feeding Any mixture that will flow through a small tube ppropriate for those who: Appropriate for those who: cannot INGEST adequate amount orally can DIGEST and ABSORB food can EXCRETE waste products Criteria Functional GI tract below location of tube
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When to use tube feeding Conditions that restrict eating Radical surgery of neck, alimentary tract, respiratory system Obstruction of esophagus or pylorus Severe dysphagia Conditions that prevent eating Coma Paralysis/traumatic nerve damage Inability to consume adequate nutrition Repletion in severe malnutrition Extensive burns/hypermetabolism
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When not to use tube feeding Severe GI disturbances Intractable vomiting Intestinal obstruction Upper GI bleeding Diarrhea is not necessarily a contraindication to TF
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Benefits of Enteral Nutrition Maintains morphologic, functional integrity of GI tract
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2009 for the course NTR 371 taught by Professor Southworth during the Spring '09 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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218%20Parenteral%20Nutrition%20Lecture%20Notes - Nutrition...

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