POTENTIALLY HEPATOTOXIC HERBAL SUPPLEMENTS Herb Comments Borage Suggested as a tonic for the adrenal glands reducing stress; may be used as a source gamma linolenic acid (cheaper than primrose oil) ± May contain hepatotoxic and carcinogenic pyrrolizidine alkaloids Chaparral (creosote bush) Once thought to have medicinal properties for treatment of arthritis, cancer, menstrual cramps, etc. ± Documentation of at least 6 cases of hepatitis. At least one individual required a liver transplantation Coltsfoot Once used to treat coughs and sore throats ± Contains a hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloid called senkirkine, which is also a carcinogen DHEA (dehydro-epiandrosterone) A hormone made by adrenal glands and liver that serves as a precursor to steroid hormones (testosterone, estrogen, adrenalin). Once marked for variety of uses such as weight loss. ± Can cause hepatic dysfunction Echinacea Enhances the immune system by stimulating phagocytosis, increasing respiratory activity and increasing the mobility of leukocytes
This is the end of the preview.
access the rest of the document.