Lecture01 - Challenges to the Creation of a Challenges to...

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Unformatted text preview: Challenges to the Creation of a Challenges to the Creation of a Federal Regulatory Authority in the Federal Regulatory Authority in the United States United States The Decentralization of Authority Relations The Decentralization of Authority Relations in Nineteenth Century America in Nineteenth Century America Overview Overview Purpose of this lecture Present an image of 19 th c. America just prior to emergence of first federal regulatory institutions A country committed to local, decentralized authority relations Social Decentralization Social Decentralization Robert Wiebe: 19 th c. America as a society of island communities Trends in Urban/Rural Living Patterns, 1860-1930 %URBAN %RURAL 1860 19.8 80.2 1870 25.7 74.3 1880 28.2 71.8 1890 35.1 64.9 1900 39.7 60.3 1910 45.7 54.3 1920 51.2 48.8 1930 56.2 43.8 1970 73.5 26.5 Social Decentralization Social Decentralization Robert Wiebe: 19 th c. America as a society of island communities Vast majority of country is rural Social Decentralization Social Decentralization Robert Wiebe: 19 th c. America as a society of island communities Vast majority of country is rural Communities are small Social Decentralization Social Decentralization Robert Wiebe: 19 th c. America as a society of island communities Vast majority of country is rural Communities are small Social interactions are personal, face-to-face Social Decentralization Social Decentralization Robert Wiebe: 19 th c. America as a society of island communities Vast majority of country is rural Communities are small Social interactions are personal, face-to-face Local government is principle political unit acting upon citizens Strong sense of self-determination Social Decentralization Social Decentralization Political life corresponds to tenets of the Jeffersonian Republican Ideal Primary political units should be small Social Decentralization Social Decentralization Political life corresponds to tenets of the Jeffersonian Republican Ideal Primary political units should be small Communities are homogenous Social Decentralization Social Decentralization Political life corresponds to tenets of the Jeffersonian Republican Ideal Primary political units should be small Communities are homogenous Politics is personal and consensual Social Decentralization Social Decentralization Political life corresponds to tenets of the Jeffersonian Republican Ideal Primary political units should be small Communities are homogenous Politics is personal and consensual Incentive to participate b/c decisions bear directly on daily lives Economic Decentralization Economic Decentralization Economic Decentralization Economic Decentralization The era of proprietary capitalism Economic Decentralization Economic Decentralization The era of proprietary capitalism Property ownership widespread Economic Decentralization...
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Lecture01 - Challenges to the Creation of a Challenges to...

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