Lecture 7 - International Affairs Class 7: Domestic...

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Unformatted text preview: International Affairs Class 7: Domestic Politics and the Individual Level Michael Colaresi International AffairsClass 7:Domestic Politics and the Individual Level p.1/37 Blainey vs. the Balance In a tough world, how do you keep the peace? What does Blainey say about this? International AffairsClass 7:Domestic Politics and the Individual Level p.2/37 High vs. Low Politics Realists usually separate politics into High and Low. High: International relations/Security/Survial System/relations are dominant Policy based on national interest/Power Do not listen to Public Low: Domestic Politics/Health Insurance/College Loans Government is dominant Policy based on different interests Must listen to the public (or some parts of the public) International AffairsClass 7:Domestic Politics and the Individual Level p.3/37 Not Just Nameless Realists Henry Kissinger Abraham Lincoln George Kennan Alexis de Tocqueville All doubted whether you had the know-how to be involved in foreign policy decisions International AffairsClass 7:Domestic Politics and the Individual Level p.4/37 All Politics are Low Liberals have some strong arguments for why all politics are Low (Domestic differences matter in International Relations). National interest is defined by who is in power Domestic institutions and citizens decide who that is Why should a leader act in the national interest?institutions International AffairsClass 7:Domestic Politics and the Individual Level p.5/37 All Politics are Low Part II Realists treat all states as unitary actors (High separate from Low). When it comes to IR, relative power matters, not domestic politics. System/Relations ForeignPolicy Liberals look at Government structure (institutions) and Societal influences. High is not separate from Low: Domestic politics impacts IR Sys/Rel. ForeignPolicy Domestic Think about a game of pool/billiards. International AffairsClass 7:Domestic Politics and the Individual Level p.6/37 All Politics are Low Part III Liberals see IR as a two-level game Like playing two inter-related games of monopoly. Example: Tony Blair needs to balance Britains strategic interest in keeping an alliance with the US (high) with British domestic opinion that can be anti-US policy (low). Example 2: During peace talks between Egypt and Israel at Camp David, Sadat worried both about Egyptian security (high) and his continued tenure in office (low). International AffairsClass 7:Domestic Politics and the Individual Level p.7/37 Government Structure The way a domestic government is set up can influence international politics. Accountability . Leader can be removed from office (easily) Opposition groups can vie for power Opposition groups can communicate through a free press....
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Lecture 7 - International Affairs Class 7: Domestic...

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