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Lecture 9 - International Affairs Lecture 9 Missile Defense...

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International Affairs Lecture 9: Missile Defense, Just War, International Law and Collective Security Michael Colaresi International AffairsLecture 9:Missile Defense, Just War, International Law and Collective Security – p.1/41
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Review: Security Dilemma What is it? What makes it less of a problem? What makes it go away? International AffairsLecture 9:Missile Defense, Just War, International Law and Collective Security – p.2/41
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Missile Defense- A History 1944: German V-2 rockets strike London 1945: US thinks it might be a good idea to defend against missiles using an “energy beam”. 1957: Both US and Soviet Union test the world first ICBMs. 1958: US starts building the Nike-Zeus system. Which calls for nuclear-armed interceptors to get close enough to enemy warheads in space to destroy them. 1961: Soviets score first successful ABM test. 1962: US system has two successful tests. 1966: US learns that Soviet Union has installed an ABM system around Moscow (A-35) 1967: US announces Sentinel ABM program. Which is delayed several times and is renamed Safeguard in 1969 (becomes operational). International AffairsLecture 9:Missile Defense, Just War, International Law and Collective Security – p.3/41
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Missile Defense- A History II 1972: US and USSR sign SALT I treaty with includes an ABM treaty (2 cites, no more than 100 missiles). 1974: ABM Treaty ammended to 1 site. 1983/4: Reagan announces National Security Decision Directive 85 and 119 (Star Wars). 1985-1991: US develops several new technologies, some of which are of limited success (Patriot Missile) 1991: Bush signs Missile Defense Act 1997: Agreement reached between Russia and US on allowing the parties to create “theater” missile defense. 2001: US withdraws from ABM treaty 1997-2007: US has around 10 successful ABM tests of varying degrees. 2007/2008: US negotiates with Poland and Czech republic to place International AffairsLecture 9:Missile Defense, Just War, International Law and Collective Security – p.4/41
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The Future To protect against ICBMS: US has a Ground-based Midcourse defense system almost ready Short range defense (theater): Patriot and Aegis System Israel and India also have or are developing theater ABM capabilities International AffairsLecture 9:Missile Defense, Just War, International Law and Collective Security – p.5/41
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Missile Defense: Will it work Sure, at some point theoretically, but what about practically. Think how hard this is (hitting a bullet with a bullet) Limitation: Sentinel and Safeguard programs International AffairsLecture 9:Missile Defense, Just War, International Law and Collective Security – p.6/41
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Problems with Tests and Reality Why is it so hard to know whether a national missile defense system would work? International AffairsLecture 9:Missile Defense, Just War, International Law and Collective Security – p.7/41
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Missile Defense and Security Dilemma How is Missile Defense related to the security dilemma?
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